As early as October 1831, the United States Post Office recognized common abbreviations for states and territories. These are the "unofficial " or "parallel" citations. 3d - American Law Reports, Third Series, A.L.R. ANSI standard INCITS 38:2009 replaced the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) standards FIPS 5-2, FIPS 6-4, and FIPS 10-4. C.Z.
Ala. Alaska : Am. & N.W.2d - Northwestern Reporter, First Series and Second Series, P. & P.2d - Pacific Reporter, First Series and Second Series, S. & S2d- Southern Reporter, First Series and Second Series, S.E. App - California Appellate Reports, CA2d or Cal. The abbreviation for the state reporter (Nebraska Court of Appeals Reports) in which their opinions are printed is: Neb. States, cities, and territories of the United States. However, they only accepted these abbreviations because of their popularity, preferring that patrons spell names out in full to avoid confusion.

The twelve cases where USPS and USCG abbreviations differ are listed below and marked in bold red in the table above. It is used for all federal court documents and legal scholarship. Here is an example of the various components of a legal citation adhering to the Bluebook citation conventions. - California Reporter (West’s), Cal. The Bluebook is a collaborative project by a handful of elite law schools. Administrat[or,rix] Prior to 1987, when the U.S. Secretary of Commerce approved the two-letter codes for use in government documents,[10] the United States Government Printing Office (GPO) suggested its own set of abbreviations, with some states left unabbreviated. Case name abbreviations (Table 6) A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. Unofficial reporters are the Supreme Court Reports (or S.Ct. ) 2d - American Law Reports , Second Series, A.L.R. [9], Modern two-letter abbreviated codes for the states and territories originated in October 1963, with the issuance of Publication 59: Abbreviations for Use with ZIP Code, three months after the Post Office introduced ZIP codes in July 1963. Bluebook table T1 provides guidance on how to properly abbreviate reporter names.

App.2d -California Appellate Reports Second series, CA3d or Cal. Sam.

Chi. Jur. It will have the approved abbreviation for nearly all legal journals along with abbreviations for government documents, secondary sources, pleadings, etc. The postal abbreviation is the same as the ISO 3166-2 subdivision code for each of the fifty states.


It combines detailed, yet easy-to-understand, explanations and examples of Bluebook rules with different types of exercises, which are also available online. Cite to United States Reporter; If the ... to abbreviating the correct words with the correct abbreviations, to additional context-dependent parenthetical information. Rptr. Building on that understanding and an explanation of the "process" of using citations in legal writing, the book then discusses and illustrates the particular rules of The Bluebook and the ALWD Citation Manual for citing cases, statutes, and all other major legal sources. January 9, 2009". Usually the first citation given is to the official reports for a particular court, and is called the “official citation”.

Home; Current State Court Abbreviations; Current Federal Court Abbreviations; Supreme Court United States Supreme Court: U.S. Courts of Appeals (Circuit Courts) First Circuit: 1st Cir. & S.E.2d - Sourtheastern Reporter, First Series and Second Series, S.W.

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