Japanese advertising and media frequently use English words for stylistic emphasis. Several famous place names, including those of Japan itself (日本 Nihon or sometimes Nippon), those of some cities such as Tokyo (東京 Tōkyō) and Kyoto (京都 Kyōto), and those of the main islands Honshu (本州 Honshū), Kyushu (九州 Kyūshū), Shikoku (四国 Shikoku), and Hokkaido (北海道 Hokkaidō) are read with on'yomi; however, the majority of Japanese place names are read with kun'yomi: 大阪 Ōsaka, 青森 Aomori, 箱根 Hakone. The jōyō kanji (常用漢字, regular-use kanji) are 2,136 characters consisting of all the Kyōiku kanji, plus 1,130 additional kanji taught in junior high and high school. See Sometimes the distinction is very clear, although not always. It is the most common means of written communication in the Japanese language, with more than 50,000 different symbols by some estimates. The on'yomi (音読み, [oɰ̃jomi], lit. Typically they are made up of two components, one of which (most commonly, but by no means always, the left or top element) suggests the general category of the meaning or semantic context, and the other (most commonly the right or bottom element) approximates the pronunciation. See This may be the number we should find. A list of 2,136 jōyō kanji (常用漢字) is regarded as necessary for functional literacy in Japanese. Since kanji are essentially Chinese hanzi used to write Japanese, the majority of characters used in modern Japanese still retain their Chinese meaning, physical resemblance with some of their modern traditional Chinese characters counterparts, and a degree of similarity with Classical Chinese pronunciation imported to Japan from 5th to 9th century. For example, Mao Zedong's name is pronounced as Mō Takutō (毛沢東) in Japanese, and the name of the legendary Monkey King, Sun Wukong, is pronounced Son Gokū (孫悟空) in Japanese. Kanji on this list are mostly used in people's names and some are traditional variants of jōyō kanji. More subtly, 明日 has three different readings, all meaning "tomorrow": ashita (casual), asu (polite), and myōnichi (formal). This is in contrast to kanji generally, which are overwhelmingly phono-semantic compounds. These wooden boards were used for communication between government offices, tags for goods transported between various countries, and the practice of writing. However, some homographs (多音字 pinyin: duōyīnzì) such as 行 (háng or xíng) (Japanese: an, gō, gyō) have more than one reading in Chinese representing different meanings, which is reflected in the carryover to Japanese as well. And the list goes on and on! Lived in Kyoto in school days, I was impressed by profundity of history and tradition of the city. Later, during the Heian period (794–1185), however, a system known as kanbun emerged, which involved using Chinese text with diacritical marks to allow Japanese speakers to restructure and read Chinese sentences, by changing word order and adding particles and verb endings, in accordance with the rules of Japanese grammar.
See 義訓 and 熟字訓 for many more examples. However, most of them are obscure. For example, 来 in ancient Chinese was originally a pictograph for "wheat". Later, groups of people called fuhito were organized under the monarch to read and write Classical Chinese. The second highest level examination, the Most often, a character will be used for both sound and meaning, and it is simply a matter of choosing the correct reading based on which word it represents.
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